They perform this balancing act amidst chaos, with Humanitarian actors, faced with ongoing conflict, epidemics, famine and a range of natural disasters, are increasingly being asked to do more with less.
Some humanitarian organizations are trying to bridge The recent MeToo hashtag and associated social media storm highlighted the extensiveness of sexual abuse and harassment and the exploitation of women and girls and in some cases men and boys by those in positions of power. A look back on three years since the end of Operation Mare Nostrum.
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- 3. New humanitarian actors: rising powers, diasporas, and faith-based actors.
- Perspectives on politics and society.
Legal sociology has paid significant attention to human rights, but in contrast to legal anthropology, little focus has been given to humanitarianism. In this contribution, we ask, what does a legal sociological research agenda for the humanitarian field look like? Humanitarianism is many things to many people. As described by Information Communication Technologies ICTs are now being employed as a standard part of mass atrocity response, evidence collection, and research by non-governmental organizations, governments, and the private sector.
His body was found a week later in a ditch near the city showing signs of torture and a slow death. His killers have not been Everybody condemned the jihadist In the north-eastern corner of Jordan, thousands of Syrians are left stranded. In the north-eastern corner of Jordan, where the country borders both Iraq and Syria, a barrier resembling a mound of earth extends across the desert. Running parallel to this barrier is a second mound of earth, this time The Norwegian Nobel Committee emphasizes that the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos is not only a prize given in recognition of his own personal efforts to end the more than 50 year old civil war in the country, but that this In the long dark night that is the Syrian nightmare, the White Helmets have become the only ray of light.
Even the International Organization of Migration IOM is straying from its mission to uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants.
When migration issues This blog post suggests understanding refugee resettlement as an instrument of humanitarian governance from the selection of refugees to their long-term integration. In the recent World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul May, the interconnections between humanitarianism, development and security were highlighted. The ongoing drone proliferation throughout Africa has received little critical attention. However, African drone proliferation has become a vehicle for the production and distribution of forms of legitimacy and of resources that have implications for drone proliferation both within and outside Africa.
On the one hand, UNHCR has been criticized by civil society and the humanitarian community for not being present on Greek islands.
On the other hand, the organization has experienced difficulties in To what extent is Ongwen responsible for his actions as an adult, given that he himself was abducted as a year-old child? The International Criminal Court Humanitarian practitioners and scholars are currently struggling with how to analyse the opportunities and challenges of technological innovation.
This includes not only what technological innovation can do for humanitarianism but also what it does to humanitarian action. Over the last two decades, innovations have fueled the creation of a humanitarian As such, it bolsters the authority of the five permanent members the P5 in world politics and presents them with a flexible tool for Humanitarian actors increasingly look to frame the failure of the War on Drugs as an imperative for renewed engagement in Latin America.
When leaders meet at UNGASS in April, legalization will be central in discussions, but issues of humanitarian encroachment should also be on the table. In Latin America, Despite the strong growth of the humanitarian sector, there is an increasing operational and financial deficit in the capacity of governments and humanitarian organizations to respond.
This has led to calls for changes in the way such crises are understood and managed. As humanitarians grapple with what is increasingly imagined Debates on global drone proliferation tend to assume that adoption and adaptation of drones follow a universal logic and that the drone industry is a singular thing, geographically concentrated in the Global North.
In this blog post I argue that these assumptions make it difficult to critically assess the growth This blog post uses the case of Brazil to reflect on how actors in the Global South now engage with drone technology.
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This technology has been employed across a series of areas where Brazilian stakeholders are involved or seek to become more involved, both at the domestic and international levels In , it is expected that the Colombian government and FARC will reach a peace agreement, marking the formal end of more than 50 years of civil war. It is widely recognized The politics of rape denunciation is fast becoming the politics of lobbyists, vendors and military manufacturers seeking access to new customers and markets. The recognition of wartime rape as a fundamental violation of international law has been a hard-fought victory.
Ending rape and other forms of sexual violence in war More aid workers are being targeted in violent attacks than ever before, but the roots of humanitarian insecurity have nuanced and surprising causes. Central African Republic. While the Norwegian overseas aid budget has been debated intensely here at home, Crown Prince Haakon was recently on an official visit in Brazil, from November.
Brazil is unquestionably the largest recipient of Norwegian aid, while simultaneously donating aid itself to poorer countries. This paradoxical situation tells us much The news from last week was bleak. Fleeing violence and chaos in the Middle East, horrific accounts detailed the tragic fates of countless people seeking refuge in Europe. Thousands have perished along the way, and many survivors have found themselves in dangerous conditions upon arrival in Europe. Some state reactions The recent debate over word choice has taken turns that undermine humanitarian principles and cloud the view of how migration is unfolding.
The general impression Earlier this spring, we debated a law professor who insisted that lethal autonomous weapons LAWS could clean up war. The professor posited that a war fought with autonomous weapons would be a war without rape. Taking humans out of the loop would, the argument goes, lead to more humane war. What are the challenges of responding to displacement as a problem of transitional justice?
In the Colombian context, pervasive violent conflict coexists with constitutional democracy. Based on newly published work on There is little one can do, however, to impose effective border controls at sea. Operation Triton does The European Union has made it clear that bombs were not part of the plan for war against people smuggling after all. The alleged plans for bombing had already caused widespread alarm and protest.
But what would Humanitarianism and Return: Compromising Protection In many contexts around the world, states use funding for humanitarian programming as an active part of their attempts to manage populations displaced by conflict. Humanitarian aid to refugees and internally displaced is commonly understood as a temporary activity that ends when people will return In some cases we also cooperate with local institutions where we benefit from working with fellow peace researchers and other partners.
In Nepal we have had the great In a previous blogpost we described the tragic plight But there is a way out. Against the background of a politically divided Security Council, there is a need for a new international strategy to protect civilians caught up in armed While the humanitarian community is still struggling to help end the Ebola epidemic, talk about lessons learned and the need for critical evaluations have been on the way for some time already.
Here, I suggest that humanitarians must pay keen attention to the post-Ebola narrative of military victory that is The humanitarian sector faces an unprecedented number of crises globally.
The growing operational and financial deficit in the capacity of governments and humanitarian organizations to respond has led to calls for changes in the way such crises are understood and managed. This involves a strong focus on cooperation and partnerships A particularly interesting and puzzling corner of the War on Ebola imaginary is inhabited by the triad consisting of Ebola, humanitarian governance, and unmanned technology, drones more precisely. The Ebola Drone has materialized from a confluence It was not until the advances of IS in Syria and Iraq turned into an international security threat that a military intervention was launched in September A horrendous civil war had then killed tens of thousands Syrian civilians and displaced millions without provoking any similar reaction.
In this blog The continued evolution of the humanitarian innovation concept needs a critical engagement with how this agenda interacts with previous and contemporary attempts to improve humanitarian action. Accountability and transparency have been central to discussions of humanitarian action over the past two decades. Yet these issues appear generally to be given But what type of crisis is this? Is this just another humanitarian crisis in A record number of refugees have arrived by boat in southern Europe this summer.
Norway should voice its support for a common European solution to the issue of boat migrants crossing the Mediterranean. Last year this would have been front-page news, but now each new arrival — or each refugee Humanitarian organizations may easily succumb to the temptation to misuse numbers and statistics in order to promote their own causes. Does the end justify the means? New technology has become central to relief efforts in humanitarian crises.
Today, mobile phones, social media, crisis mapping, online volunteering, and pre-paid cards are The World Humanitarian Summit in will feature transformation through innovation as a key theme.
Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, has just started. A time of fasting for devout Muslims, this is also the time of year when most Muslims pay their annual zakat. Such systems are distinguished by being mobile and selecting targets autonomously without direct human supervision. This type of expert meeting represents the lowest rung of the UN ladder. The Chair of The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots was launched in April with the objective of achieving a ban on the development, production and deployment of lethal autonomous weapons. In May , the issue will be discussed by a UN expert meeting under the auspices of the Convention on Conventional Weapons The South Sudan crisis becomes more difficult to solve by the hour.
The window of opportunity to avoid a full scale civil war is rapidly closing. But, finding a viable solution is dependent on a precise diagnosis of core issues involved. Read more at the blog of the Norwegian Centre The dire humanitarian consequences of the use of unmanned aerial vehicles UAVs, or drones in conflict have become all too familiar.
In contrast, there has been much less public discussion about the potential humanitarian uses of drones. We carry out this work under four thematic headings: 1. Local actors and dynamics of humanitarianism Humanitarianism is faced with the challenge of finding the right balance between the need for standardized approaches and the need to adapt to unique contexts and challenges for each specific crisis. Humanitarianism and technology The technological underpinnings of the contemporary will-to-care are a basic and yet understudied element of contemporary humanitarianism.
New humanitarian actors: rising powers, diasporas, and faith-based actors Rising powers are increasingly involved in delivering humanitarian assistance. Power and ethics in humanitarianism The fundamental issues of power and ethics are explored through a critical approach to the relevance and appropriateness of humanitarian engagement. Aims The Humanitarianism research group aims to establish a strong humanitarian research community at PRIO, with the ability to undertake interdisciplinary and long-term research at the highest academic level.
Interdisciplinarity and methodology The Humanitarianism research group encompasses the academic fields of anthropology, history, criminology, sociology, geography, law, political theory, international relations, and ethics. Members Coordinator. Full Members Pavel K. Rolandsen Henrik Urdal. Upcoming Events Mon, 07 Oct Humanitarian lunch seminar: Syria Past Events Tue, 24 Sep Improving Education for Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh Thu, 19 Sep Assisting and protecting refugees in Europe and the Middle East - politics, law, and humanitarian practices Thu, 20 Jun The National versus the Foreigner in South America: Historical perspectives and implications for the legal responses to the Venezuelan displacement Tue, 11 Jun Humanitarian policy: How do we make it and what is it good for?
Tue, 03 Mar After Ebola? Those who look only to individual interest and risk treat the health commons as property they own instead of recognizing themselves, their children and others as citizens of it. Vaccination ethics shares an underlying structure with social equity and public interest dilemmas more generally. One of the reasons why the politics of public health has not succeeded in motivating political support for equalizing and redistributive policies is that well-off individuals can see the reality of relative inequality all around them—in the form of poverty, crime, inadequate education, health disparities and so on—but they do not perceive that this inequality undermines their own quality of life or future prospects.
Thus instead of recognizing common membership with the least well off, they feel threatened by and antipathetic toward them. Their main preoccupation is keeping their footing on the rung they have managed to attain and not slipping down the social ladder. If we are to garner democratic political support for redistributive policies that will lessen relative inequality, and thereby enhance population health and well-being, then we need to break out of this syndrome of social antipathy and competition.
Discontent needs somehow to be channeled toward the radically unequal distribution of wealth and power overall rather than toward the competitive micro-anxiety of personal economic and social insecurity in private life. This will not be the work of a day, and it requires a much larger social change movement than public health alone can provide. Still, public health ethics does have something moral to say, as it were. The best contribution that public health ethics and political theory—together with other forms of moral learning—can make is to work toward reconceptualizing the constitutive features of moral membership in a human community—by not only expanding its horizons of inclusivity and voice to others currently excluded, but also by reconceiving the subject or self whose recognition of the membership standing of others partly must draw on the capacity for morally right recognition of oneself.
Membership is constituted by the principle of right recognition, including the norms of parity of voice and participation and equality of civic respect. Mutuality is constituted by the principle of right relationship, including the norms of mutual concern and care. They are keystones of human flourishing and living a life fully realized and deeply experienced.